Cervical Cancer is the commonest cancer cause of death among women in developing countries The peak age of incidence of cervical cancer is 55–59 years, and a considerable proportion of women report in the late stages of disease.
Every year in India, 122,844 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer and 67,477 die from the disease. India has a population of 432.2 million women aged 15 years and older who are at risk of developing cancer. It is the second most common cancer in women aged 15–44 years.
The cervical cancer vaccine is recommended for girls and boys ages 11 to 12, although it can be given as early as age 9. It’s important for girls and boys to receive the vaccine before they have sexual contact and are exposed to HPV The cervical cancer vaccine isn’t recommended for pregnant women or people who are moderately or severely ill.
Early-stage cervical cancer generally produces no signs or symptoms.
Signs and symptoms of more-advanced cervical cancer include:
- Vaginal bleeding after intercourse, between periods or after menopause
- Pelvic pain or pain during intercourse
- Watery, bloody vaginal discharge that may be heavy and have a foul odor
- Cervical cancer begins when healthy cells acquire a genetic change (mutation) that causes them to turn into abnormal cells.
- Healthy cells grow and multiply at a set rate, eventually dying at a set time. Cancer cells grow and multiply out of control, and they don’t die. The accumulating abnormal cells form a mass (tumor). Cancer cells invade nearby tissues and can break off from a tumor to spread (metastasize) elsewhere in the body.